Prevalence of maloclusion class III in children and young adults served at a university institution

  • Charlie CAMBINO
  • Estefanía OSPINA
  • Angie ROJAS

Abstract

Objective: To establish the prevalence of
class III malocclusion in patients between
5 and 21 years of age who attended a consultation
in the Odontopediatrics and Orthodontics
clinic of the School of Dentistry
of the Universidad del Valle.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional
retrospective descriptive study was conducted
in 108 patients between 5 and 21
years of age, who attended dental practice
in the Odontopediatrics and Orthodontics
specialties of the School of Dentistry of
the Universidad del Valle, during period
1 of January 2012 to December 31, 2016.
The information was obtained from the
Clinical Stories that were stored in the
active archive of clinical records of the
Institution. descriptive statistics was used.
The variables age, gender, presence of class
III malocclusion, origin and socioeconomic
stratum were categorized, and a univariate
and bivariate analysis was carried out to
determine the relationship of the variables
among themselves, and to typify the
geographic location and socioeconomic
stratum from which they came. mostly the
patients treated in these specialties.
Results: A class III prevalence of 26% was
found, showing no difference between men
and women.
Conclusions: The study revealed a high
percentage of presence of class III malocclusion
in the population of 5 to 21
years old that attended to the specialties
of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics of
the School of Dentistry of the Universidad
del Valle. The high prevalence of class III
malocclusion allows an approach to the
management of this disorder by residents.

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Abstract

Objective: To establish the prevalence of
class III malocclusion in patients between
5 and 21 years of age who attended a consultation
in the Odontopediatrics and Orthodontics
clinic of the School of Dentistry
of the Universidad del Valle.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional
retrospective descriptive study was conducted
in 108 patients between 5 and 21
years of age, who attended dental practice
in the Odontopediatrics and Orthodontics
specialties of the School of Dentistry of
the Universidad del Valle, during period
1 of January 2012 to December 31, 2016.
The information was obtained from the
Clinical Stories that were stored in the
active archive of clinical records of the
Institution. descriptive statistics was used.
The variables age, gender, presence of class
III malocclusion, origin and socioeconomic
stratum were categorized, and a univariate
and bivariate analysis was carried out to
determine the relationship of the variables
among themselves, and to typify the
geographic location and socioeconomic
stratum from which they came. mostly the
patients treated in these specialties.
Results: A class III prevalence of 26% was
found, showing no difference between men
and women.
Conclusions: The study revealed a high
percentage of presence of class III malocclusion
in the population of 5 to 21
years old that attended to the specialties
of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics of
the School of Dentistry of the Universidad
del Valle. The high prevalence of class III
malocclusion allows an approach to the
management of this disorder by residents.

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Published
2018-10-01
How to Cite
CAMBINO, Charlie; OSPINA, Estefanía; ROJAS, Angie. Prevalence of maloclusion class III in children and young adults served at a university institution. Revista Estomatología, [S.l.], v. 26, n. 1|, oct. 2018. ISSN 2248-7220. Available at: <http://revistas.univalle.edu.co/index.php/revista_estomatologia/article/view/7073>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.25100/re.v26i1|.7073.
Section
Original Articles

Keywords

dentistry, malocclusion, pediatric dentistry, maxillary orthopedics, orthodontics